Telangana

About

Telangana  is a state in the south of India. It is situated on the centre-south stretch of the Indian peninsula on the high Deccan Plateau. It is the twelfth largest state and the twelfth-most populated state in India with a geographical area of 112,077 km2 (43,273 sq mi) and 35,193,978 residents as per 2011 census.  On 2 June 2014, the area was separated from north western part of Andhra Pradesh as the newly formed 29th state with Hyderabad as its historic permanent capital. Its other major cities include Warangal, Nizamabad, Khammam and Karimnagar.

Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north and northwest, Chhattisgarh, Odisha to the northeast, Karnataka to the west and Andhra Pradesh to the east and south. The terrain of Telangana region comprises mostly of hills, mountain ranges and a thick dense forests distribution of 27,292 sq. km spread over surroundings of wine ganga of Adilabad, Rakhi hill area in Karimnagar district with Rachakonda ghats in east Ranga Reddy district to Ananthagiri Hills near Vikarabad.

The region now called as Telangana was ruled by several major dynasties in past Indian history like Maurya Empire, Satavahana dynasty, Chalukya dynasty, Kakatiya Dynasty, Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultanate, Qutb Shahi dynasty, Mughal Empire and Asaf Jahi Dynasty (1724–1948). The region’s vast exposure to Persian tradition has long been a meeting place for diverse cultures by acting as a link between North and South of India. The territory on the whole came to be known for its Ganga-Jamuna Tehzeeb.

The economy of Telangana is mainly driven by agriculture but with a reflecting Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of US $120 billion and a high growth rate of 14.6% for current fiscal year (2016-17 est.), the state has emerged as a major focus for robust IT software, Industry and Services sector. The state is also the main administrative centre to a large number of Indian defence aero-space and research labs like Bharat Dynamics Limited, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Defence Research and Development Organisation and Defence Research and Development Laboratory.

The Telugu-speaking region of Telangana was ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad.[10] It joined the Union of India in 1948 after an Indian military invasion. In 1956, the Hyderabad State was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states and Telangana was merged with Telugu speaking Andhra State (previously part of Madras Presidency) to form Andhra Pradesh. Following an early peasant driven movement for separation in early 50s, Telangana was awarded separate statehood on 2 June 2014.

The cultural hearts of Telangana, Hyderabad and Warangal are noted for its wealth and renowned historical structures – Charminar, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Paigah Tombs, Falaknuma Palace, Chowmahalla Palace, Warangal Fort, Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, Thousand Pillar Temple pond and the Bhongir Fort in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri. The historic Golconda during the Kakatiya reign was once known for the mines that have produced some of the world’s most famous gems, including the Koh-i-Noor, the Hope Diamond, Daria-i-Noor, Regent Diamond, Nassak Diamond and the Noor-ul-Ain. Religious edifices like Lakshmi Narasimha Temple in Yadagirigutta, Makkah Masjid in Hyderabad, Medak Cathedral of Medak are its famous places of worship.

Cities

Here are some of the most notable cities.

  • 1 Hyderabad — the pearl city of India, and capital of Telangana
  • 2 Adilabad — a fine starting point to explore the landscapes of the surrounding areas
  • 3 Alampur — Jogulamba temple (Shakthi peetam)
  • 4 Ankapur (Ankapoor) — a small self-sufficient, progressive model village
  • 5 Bhadrachalam — a major pilgrim town situated on the banks of the Godavari River
  • 6 Bhongir — a town with the impressive and fascinating Bhongir Fort
  • 7 Dharmapuri — a town with a number of temples including Narasimha Swamy, Venkateshwara Swamy and Vigneshwara Swamy
  • 8 Karimnagar — a fast developing district with many famous monuments and temples
  • 9 Khammam — home to the Khamman Fort and the Narasimha Swamy Temple
  • 10 Mancherial (Garmilla) — commercial hub and agricultural markt
  • 11 Nalgonda — Nagarjuna Sagar is the world’s largest masonry dam
  • 12 Nirmal — well known for its wooden toys and paintings and the Nirmal Fort
  • 13 Nizamabad — home to the famous Temple of Lord Shiva (Kanteshwar around 1400 BC)
  • 14 Warangal (City carved in stone) — a city to see various temples, lakes, gardens and the Warangal Fort

Other destinations

  • 1 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park — a small park in Jubilee Hills in which the Chiran Palace is located. It is a green space (a jungle in the concrete city) of the busy city of Hyderabad. One may find peacocks and a variety of small mammals and birds here
  • 2 Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park — largest green space in the city of Hyderabad inhabited by black buck, cheetal deer as well as reptiles and many species of birds
  • 4 Mrugavani National Park — located at Chilkur in Moinabad (mandal). This park has a large variety of plants; animals such as the Indian hare, civet cat, mongoose, cobra, Russel Viper and bird species.
  • 6 Ramoji Film City — a film-themed park with a studio modeled after Universal City in California
  • 7 Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve — the largest tiger reserve in India contained within 5 districts of Telangana
  • Nelakondapally
  • Medak Cathedral
  • Edupayalu
  • Kuntala Water falls
  • Golkonda Fort
  • Hussain Sagar lake and Buddha Statue

History

Telangana was governed by many rulers, including the Maurya Empire(320 BCE to 180 BCE), Satavahana dynasty (180 BCE to 220 CE), Vakataka dynasty (250CE – 500CE), Chalukya dynasty (543CE – 753CE), Rashtrakuta dynasty ( 753CE – 982CE), the Kakatiya Dynasty (1083CE –1323CE), the Musunuri Nayaks (1326–1356) the Delhi Sultanate, the Bahmani Sultanate (1347–1512), Qutb Shahi dynasty (1512–1687), Mughal Empire (1687–1724) and Asaf Jahi Dynasty (1724–1948).

Early history

The Satavahana dynasty (230 BCE to 220 CE) became the dominant power in this region. It originated from the lands between the Godavari and Krishna rivers and was based at Amaravathi and Dharanikota. After the decline of the Satavahanas, various dynasties, such as the Vakataka, Vishnukundina, Chalukya, Rashtrakuta and Western Chalukya, ruled the area.

Kakatiya Dynasty

The Telangana area experienced its golden age during the reign of the Kakatiya dynasty, which ruled most parts of the present-day Andhra Pradesh and Telangana from 1083 to 1323 CE. Rudrama Devi and Prataparudra II were prominent rulers from the Kakatiya dynasty. The dynasty weakened with the attack of Malik Kafur in 1309 and was dissolved after the defeat of Prataparudra by the forces of Muhammad bin Tughluq in 1323.

Qutb Shahi and Asaf Jahi’s

The area came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate in the 14th century, followed by the Bahmani Sultanate. Quli Qutb Mulk, a governor of Golkonda, revolted against the Bahmani Sultanate and established the Qutb Shahi dynasty in 1518. On 21 September 1687, the Golkonda Sultanate came under the rule of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb after a year-long siege of the Golkonda fort.

In 1712, Qamar-ud-din Khan was appointed by emperor Farrukhsiyar as the viceroy of Deccan with the title Nizam-ul-Mulk (meaning “Administrator of the Realm”). He was later recalled to Delhi, with Mubariz Khan appointed as the viceroy. In 1724, Qamar-ud-din Khan defeated Mubariz Khan to reclaim the Deccan suba, establishing it as an autonomous province of the Mughal empire. He took the name Asif Jah, starting what came to be known as the Asif Jahi dynasty. He named the area Hyderabad Deccan. Subsequent rulers retained the title Nizam ul-Mulk and were called Asif Jahi Nizams or nizams of Hyderabad. The Medak and Warangal divisions of Telangana were part of their realm.

When Asif Jah I died in 1748, there was political unrest due to contention for the throne among his sons, who were aided by opportunistic neighbouring states and colonial foreign forces. In 1769, Hyderabad city became the formal capital of the Nizams. The Nizam Nasir-ud-dawlah, Asaf Jah IV signed the Subsidiary Alliance with the British in 1799 and lost its control over the state’s defence and foreign affairs. Hyderabad State became a princely state among the presidencies and provinces of British India.

Post-independence

When India became independent from the British Empire in 1947, the Nizam of Hyderabad did not want to merge with the Indian Union and wanted to remain independent. The Government of India annexed Hyderabad State on 17 September 1948 after a military operation called Operation Polo. It appointed a civil servant, M. K. Vellodi, as first chief minister of Hyderabad State on 26 January 1950. He administered the state with the help of English-educated bureaucrats from the Madras and Bombay states, who were familiar with British systems of administration unlike the bureaucrats of Hyderabad State who used a completely different administrative system. The official language of the state was switched from Urdu to English.

In 1952, Dr. Burgula Ramakrishna Rao was elected chief minister of the Hyderabad State in its first democratic election. During this time, there were violent agitations by some Telanganites to send the Madras state bureaucrats back and implement a rule by the natives (mulkis) of Hyderabad (Syed alam sharjil) was elected chief minister of Hyderabad after (Dr Burgula Ramakrishana Rao) for one year he has given resign from the post.

Telangana Rebellion

The Telangana Rebellion was a peasant revolt supported by the communists. It originated in the Telangana regions of the Hyderabad State between 1946 and 1951, led by the Communist Party of India (CPI).

The revolt began in the Nalgonda district against the feudal lords of Reddy and Velama castes. It quickly spread to the Warangal and Bidar districts. Peasant farmers and labourers revolted against the local feudal landlords (jagirdars and deshmukhs) and later against the Nizam Osman Ali Khan. The violent phase of the movement ended after the Government of India’s Operation Polo. Starting in 1951, the CPI shifted to a more moderate strategy of seeking to bring communism to India within the framework of Indian democracy.

States Reorganisation Commission

In December 1953, the States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) was appointed to form states on a linguistic basis. An agreement was reached between Telangana leaders and Andhra leaders on 20 February 1956 to merge Telangana and Andhra with promises to safeguard Telangana’s interests. After reorganisation in 1956, the region of Telangana was merged with Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh.

Following this Gentlemen’s agreement, the central government established the unified state of Andhra Pradesh on 1 November 1956. G.O 553 of 1959 from the united Andhra Pradesh state moved two revenue divisions of Bhadrachalam from East Godavari and Aswaraopeta from West Godavari to Khammam for administrative convenience.

Telangana movement

There have been several movements to revoke the merger of Telangana and Andhra, major ones occurring in 1969, 1972 and 2009. The movement for a new state of Telangana gained momentum in the 21st century by an initiative of Telangana Political Joint Action Committee, TJAC including political leadership representing Telangana area. On 9 December 2009 the Government of India announced the process of formation of the Telangana state. Violent protests led by people in the Coastal Andhra and Rayalseema regions occurred immediately after the announcement, and the decision was put on hold on 23 December 2009.

The movement continued in Hyderabad and other districts of Telangana. There have been hundreds of claimed suicides, strikes, protests and disturbances to public life demanding separate statehood.

Formation of Telangana state in 2014

On 30 July 2013, the Congress Working Committee unanimously passed a resolution to recommend the formation of a separate Telangana state. After various stages the bill was placed in the Parliament of India in February 2014. In February 2014, Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 bill was passed by the Parliament of India for the formation of Telangana state comprising ten districts from north-western Andhra Pradesh. The bill received the assent of the President and published in the Gazette on 1 March 2014.

The state of Telangana was officially formed on 2 June 2014. Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao was elected as the first chief minister of Telangana, following elections in which the Telangana Rashtra Samithi party secured majority. Hyderabad will remain as the joint capital of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for a period, not more than 10 years after that period Hyderabad shall be the capital of the State of Telangana and there shall be a new capital for the State of Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh picked Amaravati as its capital; moved its secretariat in 2016 and legislature in March 2017 to its new capital.

Geography

Telangana is situated on the Deccan Plateau, in the central stretch of the eastern seaboard of the Indian Peninsula. It covers 112,077 square kilometres (43,273 sq mi). The region is drained by two major rivers, with about 79% of the Godavari River catchment area and about 69% of the Krishna River catchment area, but most of the land is arid. Telangana is also drained by several minor rivers such as the Bhima, the Maner, the Manjira and the Musi.

The annual rainfall is between 900 and 1500 mm in northern Telangana and 700 to 900 mm in southern Telangana, from the southwest monsoons. Various soil types abound, including chalkas, red sandy soils, dubbas, deep red loamy soils, and very deep black cotton soils that facilitate planting mangoes, oranges and flowers.

Etymology

According to Kingshuk Nag who authored “Battleground Telangana” (2011); Etymology of Telangana is uncertain; it is believed that the word Telugu is derived from Telu in Gondi language—a dialact spoken by the tribals of Chhattisgarh (in present-day a state located north of Telangana)—, and plural form of Telu is Telunga which means “white-skinned people”, and thus making the word Telangana.

According to Campbell, Alexander Duncan (1789–1857); who authored a book “A Grammar of the Teloogoo language” (1816) mentions that; A theory suggests that the name Telangana is derived from the word Trilinga (Sanskrit: त्रिलिङ्ग), as in the Trilinga Desa, which translates to “the country of the three lingas”. According to a Hindu legend, Shiva descended in the lingam form on three mountains, Kaleshwaram, Srisailam and Draksharama, which marked the boundaries of the Trilingadesa (Sanskrit: त्रिलिङ्गदेश), later called Telinga, Telunga or Telugu.

The word “Telinga” changed over time to “Telangana” and the name “Telangana” was designated to distinguish the predominantly Telugu-speaking region of the erstwhile Hyderabad State from its predominantly Marathi-speaking one, Marathwada. After Asaf Jahis ceded the Seemandhra region to the British, the rest of the Telugu region retained the name Telingana and the other parts were called Madras Presidency’s Circars and Ceded.

The earliest use of Telangadh, which means south, was found in Gond Script.One of the earliest uses of a word similar to Telangana can also be seen in a name of Malik Maqbul (14th century CE), who was called the Tilangani, which implies that he was from Tilangana. He was the commander of the Warangal Fort (Kataka Pāludu).

According to Prof Jayadhir Thirumala Rao, an expert in oriental manuscripts and languages, the Gonds, an ancient tribe with its own language and script dating back to at least two millennia, were the first people to refer to this region as Telangadh. Even today the Gond language uses the term, which means south. Perhaps, the Gonds were geographically positioned in the north. The Gond script dating back to about 2000 years refers to the term, Telangadh, which means south. The Gond language provides the earliest known linguistic reference to the existence of Telangana even before the origin of the Christian calendar

sightseeing

Jama Masjid

Some of the few cities which have still kept its cultural heritage well preserved is Hyderabad. A visit to this old city summons nostalgia among the old residents of the city. The buildings, monuments, the mosques and the temples all speak of the rich history that led to their existence. One of the biggest and the oldest Masjids in Hyderabad, the Jama Masjid is the ideal place to go, to explore Islam. It rises with its majestic white towers just a few meters above the Charminar. Jama Masjid is one of the most popular mosques in Hyderabad and is visited by a large number of Muslims every year. It is indeed one of the most attractive examples of Muslim architecture. The Jama Masjid is located only a few kilometers away from the Charminar in Hyderabad.

Mecca Masjid

The Mecca Masjid in Hyderabad is one of the largest mosques in the world, noted for its capacity of over 10,000 worshippers. The construction of the mosque began in the year 1614 when Quli Qutub Shah ruled the state. But it was in 1687 when Aurangzeb annexed the Golconda kingdom and finished the construction of the Mecca Masjid which became one of the most popular and beautiful mosques of the world. This Masjid is also said to contain some sacred relics, one of which is the hair of Muhammed. The Mecca Masjid is listed as a heritage building in Hyderabad.

Mosques in Hyderabad

The Muslim community in Hyderabad, which was a Muslim rules state, developed a distinctive culture which they could preserve very well because of the Deccan Plateau sheltering it from the turmoil in the North. It was during the Qutub Shahi dynasty and later the Asaf Jahi dynasty of the Nizams that a distinctive Muslim culture of Hyderabad grew. The city still carries the oriental glory, that speaks of the golden days of the Indo Muslim culture prevalent there.The mosques in Hyderabad are one of the most amazing spectacles in the city. Reflecting perfectly an Indo-Islamic pattern of architecture, these are amazing buildings that still speak of the rich history of Hyderabad. Though only five centuries old, the city of Hyderabad enjoyed a wave of monumental building activities like the mosques, the Qutub Shahi tombs, the Charminar along with the beautiful majestic mosques, built specially during the reign of the Qutub Shahis.The Different Mosques in HyderabadMecca Masjid- this mosque is one of the biggest mosques in South India which can accommodate almost 10,000 people. Though the foundation stone was laid down by Sultan Mohammed, it was completed by Mughul emperor Aurangazeb.

Jami Masjid- The Jami masjid in Hyderabad along with the Toli masjid are pretty small and elegantly built structures. The Jami Masjid was built by Munahhem Quli Shah in the year 1592.

Chote Hazrat ki Dargah- this Dargah in Hyderabad, as old as the time of the Asif Jahis was built in the memory of Hazrat Ali, the son in law of the prophet, Mohammed.

It is one of the most significant pilgrimage centers for the Muslims in Hyderabad.

There are a number of mosques in Hyderabad apart from the above mentioned ones. These are Hayat bakshi begums, Main Mishk masjid, Mushirabad Masjid, To know in details about each of these mosques of Hyderabad, please visit the links.

Make sure you come and visit the whimsical mosques in Hyderabad, symbol of the Muslim supremacy that prevailed there for centuries.

Ramoji Film City

Ramoji Film City is the world’s largest film studio with a space about 2,000 acres. Ramoji Film City of Hyderabad is one of the chief tourist attractions of India and Asia. The film city was inaugurated in the year 1996. The film city is not only the place for the film sets, set construction, shooting stages and movie studio but is an ideal tourist destination too. Every year millions of tourists add revenue to the state by visiting the place.Ramoji film city is located 16 miles away from the historic city of Hyderabad. Ramoji film city offers the tourist to know every detail about movie making. Starting from pre production to post production all the steps can be observed in this film city. The hills, lakes, fountains, pathways offer excellent landscapes for shooting films. The sets range from Japanese garden to horrified jungle of Africa to mock architectures of Paris to miniature of Taj Mahal. Different landscapes, costumes, antiques, furniture, paintings give the tourists to experience different eras starting from Stone Age to contemporary times.Not only Bollywood, but Hollywood producers prefer film shooting in this city where the world merges in to 2,000 acres of land. Eureka is the place where visitors can experience different surprises. The Mauryan art and the architecture will take you in a journey to ancient India. The tourist attractions of Ramoji Film City are manifolds. Tourists can experience the mock- film making procedure that is only organized for the tourists.Ramoji Film city is the place where tourists have the scope to choose a wide varieties starting from the old times to modern days. This city is ideal for the honeymoon getaways where honeymoon couples will enjoy their trip to a land of varieties and dream. The film city hosts five star and three star hotels that will give the tourists to spend nights in the land of dream. The restaurants and the food courts serve varieties of cuisines. To avoid any hazard it is better to make the bookings earlier.

Tourist Attractions in Hyderabad

Hyderabad is a city of history and heritage. The old monuments and their significances add a different dimension to the city. Hyderabad is known for its rich past and the thus the city is named as the ‘City of Nawabs’. The city has a 400-year old history. Its rich heritage finds evidence in its old monuments, gardens, parks and forts. Tourist Attractions in Hyderabad are manifold. Hyderabad’s appeal ranges from old monuments like the Charminar to the natural beauty of lakes like the Gandipet Lake.There are various tourists’ attractions in Hyderabad that can keep the tourist occupied in their trip to the city. Charminar- located in the heart of the city with a square structure with each side at about 100 feet. The four pillared structure with an arched dome in the middle; the structure contains other small arches that decorate the Charminar. The intricate stone art is the best example of Mughal architecture. Charminar is the main attraction of Hyderabad and that gave the place the scope to develop various market areas around the monument.Mecca Masjid- this is one of the largest mosque in India. The mosque is located near Charminar. The construction of mosque was started by Muhhamed Qutub Shah in the year 1617.The mosque has the capacity to accommodate ten thousand devotees during prayers. According to various archaeological surveys it is said that the stone brick is brought from Mecca and from where the Masjid derived its name. This is a must visit place for the tourist as it bears historical significancesGolconda Fort- built in 16th century on the western part of Hyderabad. The fort is famous for its collection of diamonds and it is believed that world famous diamond Kohinoor belonged to this place. The fortress attracts the tourist with its old architecture that still utters the tales of the by gone days.

Falaknama Palace- built by the last Nizam of Hyderabad. The palace is the art gallery of various antique items, art and tapestries. The magnificent lifestyle of the Nawabs can be observed in this from the art galleries and the museum of the palace.

Apart from historical monuments there are other attractions in Hyderabad that attract tourists from different parts of the country. They are Hussain Sagar Lake, Birla Planetarium, Salar Jung Museum, Birla temple, Naubat Pahad and many more. Trip to Hyderabad will always enrich the knowledge of the tourists and surely make the trip full of activities and fun.

Hyderabad Weekend Excursions

Hyderabad holds an eminent position in the tourism business of Telangana. The glorious past and the pompous monuments are the examples of prosperous history that rests behind the city. Not only Hyderabad remains populated by tourists round the year but the nearest tourist destinations attract tourists from different parts of the world. The nearest tourist spots are ideal for Weekend Excursions From Hyderabad.Weekend Excursions from Hyderabad:Nagarjunsagar Near Hyderabad – An important Buddhist tourist place located at about 150 kms away from the Hyderabad. The place derived its name from a Buddhist monk Acharya Nagarjuna. The main attraction of the place is the dam named after the Buddhist saint. The vestiges of ancient Buddhist sculptures and architectures can be seen in this man-made island. The dam and the irrigation plant give the tourists to experience the scientific advancement.Warangal Near Hyderabad – The city is famous for the fort built by the ruling clans of Andhra Desa.This city is famous for finest ancient architecture which is the example of the magnificent past of Warangol and its ruling class.

Kothagudem Near Hyderabad – Located in the district of Khammam, Telangana. This town is mainly known as the ‘Coal Town of South India’. Tourists visit the town as it is one of the ancient industrial towns in Telangana.

Osman Sagar Near Hyderabad – Famous as the picnic spot located 22 kms away from Hyderabad. The man-made lake is created by Musi River. This lake is used as one of the major source of drinking water for the town and the nearby areas. The Sagar Resort is the best place to stay and enjoy the nature.

Shamirpet Near Hyderabad – Tourist can visit the place as it is a weekend move away from the routine city life. The artificial lake and the deer park serve as a picnic area for the visitors. The temple of local deity Katta Maisamma is situated near the lake.

Miralam Tank Near Hyderabad – Adjacent to the Nehru Zoological Park is Mir Alam Tank which is 8 kms from Hyderabad, ‘the city of pearls’. The tank is famous for its unique construction with 21 Semi Circular Granite Masonry Dams. Apart from the dam, the Nehru Zoological Garden hosts 150 species of animals. Tourists can enjoy boating in the lake of the garden.

Wildlife in Telangana

Telangana, set in the heart of Deccan Plateau is a unique location which enjoys unique climatic conditions which is also considered favorable for the thriving flora and fauna. There are renowned wildlife sanctuaries all over the region preserving the distinct wildlife. Explore the teeming wildlife of Telangana in their native habitat at the wildlife sanctuaries and nation parks. Get truly mesmerized by the rare exotic and native species of birds, mammals, snakes, amphibians and other flora and fauna.Kawal is a dense forest region, which is home to endangered tigers. It is also called as Jannaram wildlife sanctuary. Some of the other prominent wildlife sanctuaries in Telangana are Mrugavani National Park, KBR Park, Pranahita wildlife sanctuary, Shivaram wildlife Sanctuary, Nagarjuna Sagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve, Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary, Shamirpet Deer Park, Nehru Zoological Park, Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary etc.The Deccan plateau is a region of unique and great biodiversity, reflected in the various wildlife havens of the region. There are many facilities provided, for tourists to enjoy a glimpse of the wildlife habitat. Explore Wildlife in Telangana as you peruse the Telangana Travel Guide.

Monuments in Telangana

The unique Telugu-speaking Telangana has a distinct history and the relics of the vast legacy are the incredible monuments in the state. The major number of Monuments in Telangana reveal the history and legacy of the rule of Nizams of Hyderabad. Even the Chalukyas had a stronghold in the region. The ruling powers had a number of forts and palaces to their name.Hyderabad was the centre of their rule therefor had the most number of historic monuments. Charminar, Golconda Fort, Falaknuma Palace, Makkah Masjid, Old City, Salarjung Museum, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Chowmahalla Palace, Spanish Mosque, Paigah Tombs, Chilkoor Balaji Temple, Shamirpet, etc.  Warangal enshrines a huge number of ancient temples and monuments. Warangal Fort, Thousand Pillar Temple and Bhadrakali Temple being some of the few. The Nizamabad Fort, the pride of Nizamabad is a marvelous historic monuments. Mahbubnagar, formerly, the core of the Satavahanas and the Chalukya Dynasties’ reign has some inspiring sites. Karimnagar gained prominence under the Nizam’s reign and has some amazing sites include the Elgandal Fort, Manthani Temple, Jagtial Fort, Ramagiri Fort, etc. Khammam Fort in Khammam is an inspiring site from history. Adilabad, the second largest city in Telangana is as important for its historic treasures.Telangana Travel Guide lists several places that you must not miss while exploring the historic and awe-inspiring monuments in Telangana.

Talk

Telugu is the official language and is spoken by the majority of the populace. However, most educated people will also be able to speak Hindi and English. Like most South Indians, Telugu people are very protective of their language and culture and will respond more readily to English than to Hindi. The exception is Hyderabad, where Hindi and Deccani Urdu are more commonly spoken.

English is widely spoken in Hyderabad and other major cities. Apart from Telugu, the major languages spoken in Hyderabad are Hindi and Urdu, Tamil in the south and Kannada in the west. Minimum knowledge of Telugu will be extremely useful (but not essential).

Map

How to Get There

The 29th state of India, the newest province of the country, Telangana lies almost in the heart of Deccan. Landlocked by Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Odisha, the state is accessible by air, rail and road. Hyderabad the capital city has both international as well as domestic airport. The rail network is as extensive and vast. The roads offer easy access from almost every city and state in South India.

By Rail

Telangana’s major rail network includes Secunderabad railway junction, also the headquarters of South Central Railways. The other important rail junctions are Kazipet and Warangal that connect the state to key cities and regions of India, along with numerous other local stations.

By Air

Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad is the only international airport in Telangana. International carriers like Air India, Emirates, Kuwait Airways, Malaysia Airlines, Oman Air, Qatar Airways, Saudi Arabian Airlines, Silk Air, Sri Lankan Airlines and Thai Airways offer frequent connections with major international destinations. Domestic connections are excellent with Air India Deccan, GoAir, IndiGo, Jet Airways, JetLite and SpiceJet operating regularly to major cities of India from here.

By Road

Around 6 national highways form a large network of roads in the state. These highways interconnect every district, making journey easy and hassle free. The longest national highway that crosses Telangana is NH7, which enters the state from its North, before exiting the state on its South. NH9, NH 221 & NH 222 also network the entire state, providing with smooth road connectivity.

Regular services of state roadways and privately owned buses are available. Roads are well linked with important cities and states. You can also hire rented cars or taxis to your desired destination.

Best Time to Visit

As with the rest of the south, the ideal time to come to Andhra Pradesh and Telangana is during the winter months from December to mid-March. April to June is blazing hot, particularly inland towards the Deccan Plateau. The southern part of Andhra Pradesh misses most of the main summer monsoon but is hit by the northeast monsoon between September and November, when cyclones can create havoc, especially in the coast areas.

Festivals in  Telangana

Sankranti (Jan). Celebrated all over both states with lively music and dance, especially in the Konaseema region.

Antarvedi Chariot Festival (Jan/Feb). Impressive temple chariot festival celebrating the marriage of Lord Narasimha and the goddess Lakshmi in the East Godavari district.

Muharram (Oct/Nov). The sacred month of the Muslim New Year is celebrated with verve by the large Shia population in Hyderabad.

Vaikunta Ekadashi (Dec/Jan).

One of the most important festivals at Tirumala, when Vishnu’s victory over the demon Muran is commemorated.

Eat

Perhaps unique from its surrounding states, millet-based breads are more common in Telangana. Common dishes, known and popular in other Indian states, can be found here but may be called by a different name. Check with the locals if you are craving a particular dish and are unsure if it is offered. Curries here are often more tamarind-based and may be called koora or pulusu. In general you will find that tamarind, red chilies (koraivikaram) and asafetida are frequently used to flavor dishes.

For variety and ease of access, Hyderabad is the place to eat. Don’t forget to taste Hyderabadi biryani when you go to Hyderabad, as the city is considered to be the dish’s birthplace. It is spicy but worth the taste. Eat at renowned biryani restaurants like Paradise, Bawarchi, and Cafe Bahar for the best experience.

It is important not to dismiss food establishments found in the smaller villages. Many times the best and most authentic experiences can be found off the main streets.

It’s been said that the farther south you travel in India, the hotter the dishes become. Keep in mind that Telangana is no exception to this rule.

Drink

A traditional alcoholic drink available in most parts of Telangana is kallu (English: toddy). This drink is extracted from two types of palm tree known as “Eetha chettu” and “Thaati chettu”. Its taste is a delicious mix of sweet and sour. Kallu extracted from “Thaati Chettu” is called “Thaati Kallu”. Kallu extracted from “Eetha Chettu” is called as “Eatha Kallu”, which is considered good for your health when consumed fresh and on an empty stomach. The purported health benefits are especially good for persons suffering from kidney stones, chicken pox (and formerly, smallpox), and is believed among locals to cool the body.

Stay

Taj Falaknuma Palace

5-star hotel

This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program. Top 5%
Hyderabad – Show on map (9 km from center)
2000 feet above Hyderabad, this luxurious 5-star property features a blend of colonial and Indian designs.

 

Trident, Hyderabad 

5-star hotelThis is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Featuring free WiFi and a restaurant, Trident, Hyderabad offers accommodations in Hyderabad. Guests can enjoy the on-site bar. Free private parking is available on site.

Radisson Blu Plaza Hotel Hyderabad Banjara Hills

5-star hotelThis is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

5-star hotelThis is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

In Banjara Hills, Taj Deccan features an outdoor swimming pool and a fitness center. With 2 dining options, it also provides spacious rooms with Wi-Fi access.

Holiday Inn Express and Suites Hyderabad Gachibowli 

4-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Hyderabad – Show on map (9 km from center)
Featuring free WiFi throughout the property, Holiday Inn Express and Suites Hyderabad Gachibowli offers accommodations in Hyderabad. Guests can enjoy the on-site restaurant.

Courtyard by Marriott Hyderabad 

4-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Hyderabad – Show on map (5 km from center)
In the center of the city, rooms at the Courtyard Mariott Hyderabad offer partial views of the famous Hussain Sagar Lake. It features free parking, a restaurant, a spa and a fitness center.

Lemon Tree Hotel, GachiBowli, Hyderabad 

4-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Hyderabad – Show on map (11 km from center)
Featuring free WiFi, Lemon Tree Hotel, GachiBowli, Hyderabad offers accommodations in Hyderabad. Guests can enjoy the on-site restaurant. Free private parking is available on site.

Hotel Caspia Pro HITEC City 

3-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Hyderabad – Show on map (7 km from center)
Hotel Caspia Pro HITEC City is a self-serviced hotel with compact rooms. The property is situated in Hyderabad, 900 metres from HITECH CITY.

Hyderabad Marriott Hotel & Convention Centre

5-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Hyderabad – Show on map (5 km from center)
Hyderabad Marriott Hotel & Convention Centre is a luxury 5-star hotel, centrally located in the heart of Hyderabad, overlooking the famous Hussain Sagar Lake.

The Westin Hyderabad Mindspace

5-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

In Raheja Mindspace IT Park, The Westin Hyderabad offers luxurious rooms with a 37-inch plasma TV with DVD player. It also features 3 outdoor swimming pools, a spa and 3 food and beverage options.

Taj Krishna 

5-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

With a history of over 100 years, Taj Krishna features a spa center, a gym and an outdoor pool, on landscaped grounds. The hotel offers 5 dining options and shops.

Park Hyatt Hyderabad 

5-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Featuring free WiFi, a year-round outdoor pool and a sun terrace, Park Hyatt Hyderabad offers accommodations in Hyderabad.

Lemon Tree Premier Hitec City Hyderabad

5-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Hyderabad – Show on map (7 km from center)
Showcasing an outdoor pool and spa center, Lemon Tree Premier Hitec City Hyderabad is located in the HITEC City neighborhood in Hyderabad. Guests can enjoy the on-site bar.

The Park Hyderabad 

5-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Park Hotel is located in the business, and entertainment area, offering spacious accommodations with bathtub, and views of the Hussain Sagar Lake. It has an all day fine dining restaurant.

Taj Banjara 

5-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Set on Banjara Hills overlooking a lake, exclusive Taj Banjara features an outdoor pool, gym and 4 dining options. It is a 10-minute drive from the business district.

Avasa Hotel 

5-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Hyderabad – Show on map (7 km from center)
The 15-story Hotel Avasa is a modern 5-star property with luxurious accommodations in Hyderabad. It has 4 dining options, a health club and a tour desk.

Hyatt Hyderabad Gachibowli

5-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Hyderabad – Show on map (10 km from center)
Featuring free WiFi, a sauna and a year-round outdoor pool, Hyatt Hyderabad Gachibowli offers accommodations in Hyderabad.

Vivanta by Taj – Begumpet 

5-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Showcasing a year-round outdoor pool and sun terrace, Vivanta by Taj – Begumpet is located in the Begumpet neighborhood in Hyderabad. Guests can enjoy the on-site bar.

Sheraton Hyderabad Hotel

, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Hyderabad – Show on map (10 km from center)
Showcasing an outdoor pool and sauna, Sheraton Hyderabad Hotel is located in Hyderabad in the region of Telangana. Guests can enjoy the on-site restaurant.

Radisson Hyderabad Hitec City 

5-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Hyderabad – Show on map (8 km from center)
Featuring free WiFi and a terrace, Radisson Hyderabad Hitec City offers accommodations in Hyderabad. Guests can enjoy the on-site bar. Free private parking is available on site.

Siesta Hitech Opens in new window

4-star hotel This is a Preferred property. They provide excellent service, a great value, and have awesome reviews from Booking.com guests. They might pay Booking.com a little more to be in this program.

Hyderabad – Show on map (9 km from center)
Siesta Hitech offers accommodations in Hyderabad. Free WiFi is featured and free private parking is available on site.

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